Tournaisis Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Tournaisis Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 12 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Tournaisis. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of his realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to the Marquis de Brouilly.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Alps. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Staffarda; in 1693 in the defence of Casale; and in 1696, in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders and took part in the siege of Ath.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 3 July 1691: Omer Pucelle d’Orgemont
  • from 16 March 1705 to 11 March 1734: Jean-François de Biaudos, Marquis de Castéja

Service during the War

In 1700, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy.

On 1 September 1701, the regiment took part in the Battle of Chiari where it was deployed in D’Orgemont’s Brigade in the second line of infantry.

On 15 August 1702, the regiment was at the Battle of Luzzara where it was deployed in the second line of infantry. It then took part in the capture of Reggio and Modena where it was placed in garrison.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.

At the beginning of 1705, the regiment took part in the capture of Verrua. It later took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.

On 19 April 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Calcinato. From May, it took part in the siege of Turin; and, on 8 September, in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.

In 1708, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné.

In 1709, the regiment was transferred to the Army of Flanders. On 11 September, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. In August and September, it took part in the Siege of Douai. It later contributed to the capture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges and capture of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 225-228