Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Savoyard Army >> Trivier Milizia
Origin and History
|Some info on the Marquis di Triviè|
|The Marquis di Triviè was from a Savoyard noble family and had a troubled relationship with Duke Victor Amadeus II maybe because of the surrender of the town of Vercelli in 1705.
In 1720, according to a new law edicted by the duke, his estates were confiscated and incorporated into the royal domain. The Marquis di Triviè then went as ambassador to the Polish Court and, because of his resentment towards the (now) King Vittorio Amedeo II, soon decided to enter into the service of the King of Poland.
This militia regiment originated from the provincial militia whose 12 battalions were reorganised in 8 regiments in 1704. It was created from the former Torino Provincial Militia. In fact, despite its designation as militia, it was actually a real infantry regiment, well equipped, dressed and drilled and not a simple militia. Duke Victor Amadeus II appointed nobles to raise these new regiments. This particular regiment was raised by Francesco Giuseppe Wilcardel de Fleury, Marquis di Triviè
In 1704, the regiment counted one battalion.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the colonel of the regiment was:
- since 1704: Francesco Giuseppe Wilcardel de Fleury, Marquis di Triviè
The regiment was taken prisoners in 1705 and never re-established.
Service during the War
In 1705, the regiment was assigned to the defence of Vercelli where it was forced to surrender as prisoners of war.
|Neck stock||white, wrapped several times around the collar of the shirt to keep it closed, and knotted with the ends hanging freely on to the breast|
|Coat||grey-white with pewter buttons on the right side
|Waistcoat||grey-white with pewter buttons|
|Stockings||grey-white fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre. Grenadiers also carried a pistol.
Uniforms of NCOs were almost identical to those of privates but had a silver lace edging each cuff.
NCOs carried a halberd.
Until 1750, officers didn’t have to wear any official uniform. In fact, they usually wore a uniform similar to the one of the troops but of better quality, probably decorated with golden lace on the edges of the coat and with gilt buttons.
Officers always wore a blue sash around the waist.
no information found yet
Colonella Colour (same for all militia regiments): blue field with a white cross; bordered with a wide blue frame
Ordinanza Colour: red field with a white cross; bordered with a wide red frame; the arms of Triviè in the first canton (upper left canton)
Cavalieri, Giorgio: Uniformi Piemontesi 1671- 1798, L'Arciere - 2004 - Riva di Chieri
Deputazione Sopra gli Studi di Storia Patria per le Antiche Provincie e la Lombardia: Le Campagne di Guerra in Piemonte (1703- 1708) e l'Assedio di Torino (1706), Vol. I, Torino Fratelli Bocca Librai di Sua Maestà
Fiorenti, Fabio: A me i miei dragoni, Gaspari Editore, Udine, 2006
Gariglio, Dario: 1706 L'Assedio di Torino, Cherasco: Blu Edizioni, 2005
Gentile, L.C. and T. Ricardi: L’Ordine in difesa del duca. Il reggimento Croce bianca in «Gentilhuomini christiani e religiosi cavalieri». Nove secoli dell'Ordine di Malta in Piemonte, Milano, 2000
Mola di Nomimaglio, Gustavo with Roberto Sandri Giachino, Giancarlo Melano, Piergiuseppe Menietti: L'esercito ducale sabaudo nel 1706. Organizzazione, uniformi, bandiere., Turin: Centro Studi Piemontesi, 2006
Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article