Vallejo Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Vallejo Dragoons

Origin and History

Did you know that...
Joseph Vallejo de la Canal, the proprietor of the present regiment, was born around 1675 in Lima in Peru. In 1698, he was knighted in the Order of Santiago. In 1703, he became captain in the new Real Asturias Cavalry. In 1707, he was promoted to colonel (but not owner) of the Osuna Dragoons. The same year, he raised his own dragoon regiment. On 28 September 1710, he was promoted to Brigadier-General. In October of the same year, he served the Army of Castilla under Pedsro Ronquilla. On 8 December 1710, Vallejo fought with courage at the Battle of Brihuega and, in recognition of his conduct, he was appointed Count of Brihuega.

In 1718, Vallejo was appointed colonel of the Numancia Dragoons and served in the Spanish expedition in Sicily, commanding the brigade formed by 4 squadrons of his new regiment. On 5 June 1719, he was promoted to field marshal. He took part in the defence of Ceuta in Africa. In 1730, he was appointed General Commander of the places of Oran and Mazalquivi (present-day Mers El Kébir). On 5 February 1734, Vallejo was promoted Lieutenant-General. He was then appointed President of the Court of Asturia. In June 1734, he became commander of the island of Majorca, until his death in 1743.

Vallejo was considered an adventurer with a lot of history and myth surrounding him. He is also considered one of the best commanders of the Spanish Cavalry during War of the Spanish Succession.

The regiment was raised according to a royal decree issued in 1707, authorizing Joseph Vallejo de la Canal to raise a dragoon regiment.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the owner of the regiment was:

  • from 1707 to 1715: Colonel Joseph Vallejo de la Canal

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

On 27 July 1710, 3 squadrons of the regiment took part in a rearguard action, charging British troops sword in hand, at the end of the Battle of Almenar. On 10 December, the regiment distinguished itself at decisive the Battle of Villaviciosa.

In 1713 and 1714, the regiment played an important role in the campaigns in Catalonia.

Uniform

It seems that all Spanish and Italian dragoon regiments raised after 1702 wore, according to new royal decree of 1702, green uniforms and that all troopers, including grenadiers wore the mitre cap.

Troopers

Uniform in 1707 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore
Uniform Details in 1707
Headgear mitre cap with a blue front flap edged yellow and a green cap with an blue pompom
Neck stock white cravate
Coat green with copper buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably blue with copper buttons
Breeches blue (probably buff leather during campaign)
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat (white for grenadiers)
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather gaiters
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue bordered in yellow
Housings blue bordered in yellow with the golden monogram of Philip V
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, two pistols and a carbine.
Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

Drummers probably wore a “reversed colours” uniform: blue coat with green distinctive.

Guidons

Tentative reconstruction of the guidons of the regiment.

Colonela Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury

References

Acknowledgements

Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article.