Vexin Infanterie

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Vexin Infanterie

Origin and History

Ensign of Vexin Infanterie circa 1700 - Courtesy of The New York Public Library

The regiment was created on 21 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Vexin. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to Pierre d’Hautefort, Comte de Montignac.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Alps. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Staffarda. In 1692, it was transferred to Flanders where it took part in the siege of Namur. From 1693 to 1696, the regiment served with the Army of the Alps. In 1697, it returned to Flanders and took part in the siege of Ath.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 21 September 1684: Pierre d’Hautefort, Comte de Montignac
  • from 18 January 1703 to September 1722: Jacques Berbier du Metz d’Espinay

On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Vermandois Infanterie.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Flanders.

On 30 June 1703, the second battalion of the regiment took part in the Battle of Ekeren.

In 1704, the regiment was transferred to the Army of the Alps.

In 1705, the regiment took part in the capture of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.

In May 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.

In 1708, the regiment joined the Army of Dauphiné.

In 1709, the regiment was transferred to Flanders. On 11 September, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1711, the regiment was at the combat of Arleux.

On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. It later took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 236-237