Villeroy Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Villeroy Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 24 September 1651 during the Fronde, and its first chief has been Louis de Crévant, Marquis d’Humières

The regiment served in Flanders, in Picardie and in Champagne until the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1660. On 18 April 1661, it was disbanded with the exception of its mestre de camp company, which became a free company.

On 7 December 1665, the regiment was re-established.

In 1667, during the War of Devolution (1667-68), the regiment (four companies) took part in the conquest of several places in Flanders and then garrisoned Leuze. In 1668, it was sent to Franche-Comté. On 24 May 1668, the regiment was disbanded for a second time with the exception of two companies.

On 9 August 1671, the regiment was once more re-established.

In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the new regiment (six companies) took part in the conquest of Holland. In 1673, it campaigned in Brandenburg, taking part in the battles of Sinsheim, Entzheim and Mulhouse. In 1675, it became the property of the House of Villeroy and was designated as “Seyssac Cavalerie”. The same year, it took part in the battles of Turckheim and Altenheim, and in the affairs of Haguenau and Saverne; in 1676, in the siege of Valenciennes and Cambrai; and in 1678, in the siege of Ghent and Ypres and in the Battle of Saint-Denis.

In 1681, the regiment was at the camp in Upper Alsace; in 1682, at the camp of Artois; in 1683, at the camp of the Sarre and at the siege of Courtrai; in 1684 at the siege of Luxembourg; and in 1685, at the camp of the Saône. By 1687, it was cantoned in the vicinity of Fort-Louis on the Rhine.

In 1688, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Rhine and took part in the capture of Philippsburg, Mannheim and Frankenthal, and the submission of Palatinate. It continued to serve on the Rhine until 1692, when it was transferred to the Army of Flanders and took part in the siege of Namur and the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, it was at the siege of Huy and at the Battle of Landen; in 1694, at the affairs of Wignamont and Espierres; in 1695, at the siege of Dixmude and at the bombardment of Bruxelles. In 1695, the regiment took the name of “Villeroy Cavalerie”. It then served in Flanders till the end of the war.

In 1698, the regiment was at the camp of Compiègne.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted two squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment initially campaigned in Germany. In July, it formed part of Tallard’s Army which was posted on the Moselle. In December, the regiment took its winter-quarters in the region of in Marnay, Gy, Meubray, Foedy and Brussey.

By 21 March 1702, the regiment formed part of Vendôme’s Army in Northern Italy. On 26 July, the regiment took part in the Combat of Santa Vittoria. On 15 August, it fought in the Battle of Luzzara. In November, it was posted at Carpi.

In 1703, the regiment took part in the expedition in Trentino. On 29 September, it was present at San Benedetto when the French disarmed their former Savoyard allies and took them prisoners. On 29 October, the regiment was still at the camp of Benedetto and was reported to have two squadrons for a total of 134 mounted and 21 dismounted troopers.

On 18 January 1704, the regiment (now three squadrons) had taken its winter-quarters in San Salvador. In mid-February, it was posted in Sartirana on the Po River, near the frontier with Piedmont. In June and July, it took part in the Siege of Vercelli.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.

From 1708 to 1712, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine and was present at the siege and capture of Landau.

Uniform

no information found

Standards

no information found

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 3, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 49-58
  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 358-359

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F., Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.