Vivarais Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Vivarais Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 25 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Vivarais. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to the Marquis de Bréauté.

From 1689 to 1692, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment served on the Rhine. In 1693, it was transferred to the Alps and participated in the Battle of Marsaglia. From 1695 to 1697, it served once more on the Rhine.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 3 November 1685: Jacques Le Coutellier, Marquis de Sain-Pater
  • from 14 June 1705 to February 1729: René-Augustin d’Erard, Chevalier de Ray

On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Bonnac Infanterie.

Service during the War

In 1700, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy.

On 15 August 1702, the regiment took part in the Battle of Luzzara. It was later at the capture of Luzzara and Borgoforte.

In 1703, the regiment took part in the expedition in South Tyrol and in the capture of Asti.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.

In 1705, the regiment took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.

From May 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.

From 1708 to 1710, the regiment served in Dauphiné.

In 1710, the regiment was transferred to Catalonia and took part in the siege of Girona.

In 1711, the regiment returned to the Alps. It would remain there till the end of the war.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 241-242