Wendt Infantry (1709)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Wendt Infantry (1709)

Origin and History

In 1709, Johann Adam Count von Wendt accepted to transfer 12 fusilier companies and one grenadier company to the newly established Infantry Regiment Prince von zu Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel at the condition that the latter would reimburse him enlistment costs.

The same year (1709), Johann Adam Count von Wendt was authorised to raise a new regiment.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the proprietors of the regiment were:

  • from 1709 to 1715: Johann Adam Alexander Count von Wendt

The regiment was disbanded in 1721.

Service during the War

On 26 August 1709, one battalion of the newly raised regiment took part in the Combat of Rumersheim.

In March 1711, the regiment, which was stationed in Italy, contributed one company to the new Toldo Infantry. At the end of the year, one battalion of the regiment was transferred from Bavaria under FZM Bagni to reinforce the Imperialist troops posted on the Upper Rhine.

In 1712, the regiment campaigned on the Upper Rhine under the Field Marshal Duke of Württemberg. In May, it was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing in Weikersheim's Brigade. On 14 June, the Duke of Württemberg detached Major de Wendt with 1 battalion and 1 grenadier company of his regiment to reinforce the garrison of Constanz.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1709 - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Kühn and Hall
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne laced with a white braid; as field sign, green foliage was attached to the tricorne in summer and a wisp of straw in winter

N.B.: to distinguish soldiers (from corporal down to privates) of each company, a button or rosette at the colour of the company was attached to the tricorne.

Grenadier no information found
Neck stock white
Coat pearl grey with bright red lining; white buttons on the right side and 1 white button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs bright red, each with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat pearl grey with white buttons
Breeches orange
Stockings orange fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters made of canvas and used only when the soldier wore linen breeches; in this case, the stockings were replaced by linen socks; the use of gaiters generalized much later
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt a yellow deer or buffalo leather waist-belt worn above the waistcoat
Cartridge Pouch red or black leather pouch containing 24 cartridges, a pewter oil flask, two needles attached to a small chain (to clean the touch-hole of the lock), a tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades, with a wooden peg on a small chain and a roll of fuse. The cartridge box had two cover flaps. The top one was sometimes decorated with a metal badge bearing the cipher or the arms of the Inhaber.

Grenadiers carried two cartridge pouches. The first one, slightly larger than that of fusiliers, was worn on wide cross-belt and contained grenades and a pewter tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades; the smaller second pouch was attached to the waist-belt and contained cartridges for the musket.

Bayonet Scabbard black leather
Scabbard none
Footwear Russia leather shoes


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades.

NCOs

NCOs carried a spontoon (half-pike). They were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

NCOs of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the spontoon.

NCOs also carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Grenadier sergeants and fouriers were distinguished from privates by three silver braids on the bag of their bearskin.

Officers

Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth than those of the privates. In the case of this regiment, their uniform was red with a red waistcoat laced with gold braids.

Officers wore a black and yellow silk sash across the chest or around the waist.

Lieutenants of the grenadier companies were distinguished from privates and NCOs by four golden braids on the bag of their bearskin; captains by five golden braids on their bearskin.

Officers carried a partisan. The partisan was decorated with a tassel: gold for the colonel, gold with silver fringe for the lieutenant-colonel, gold and silken fringe for captains and silken fringe for lieutenants. In some regiments, the captains' tassel was entirely of silk; in this case the lieutenants' partisan had no tassel. The partisans of staff officers had gilt butt caps.

Officers were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Officers of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the partisan. Captains, lieutenants and sergeants of these companies always had their bayonet affixed to their musket.

In the field, officers carried a pair of pistols.

Musicians

In the Austrian Army of the time, musicians often wore uniforms in reverse colours with the distinctive colour of the regiment used for the coat.

The drum belt was usually brown and worn on the right shoulder.

Colours

Regimental colours (Regimentsfahne): yellow field with three horizontal orange stripes; centre device consisting of an armed Imperial Double Eagle

Regimentsfahne – Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts.

Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 1, Vienna 1875, pp. 212-218, 222-227

Gräffer, August: Geschichte der kaiserl. Königl. Regimenter, Corps, Bataillons und anderer Militär-Branchen seit ihrer Errichtung biz zu Ende des Feldzuges 1799, Vol. 1, Vienna, 1804, pp. 123-128

Hödl, R. von: Geschichte des K. und K. Infanterieregiments Nr. 29 Gideon Ernst Freiherr von Loudon, Temesvár 1906

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jörg Meier for the information about this regiment