Wolfgang Greder Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Wolfgang Greder Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created by a Lettre de cachet issued on 5 December 1673, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672–78). In 1676, the new regiment took part in the siege of Bouchain; in 1677, in the siege of Valenciennes and in the Battle of Cassel; and in 1678, in the siege of Ghent and Ypres, in the investment of Mons and in the Battle of Saint-Denis.

In 1684, the regiment formed part of the army who covered the siege of Luxembourg.

In 1689, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the Battle of Walcourt; in 1690, in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1691, in the siege of Mons and in the Combat of Leuze; in 1692, in the capture of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi; in 1695, in the bombardment of Bruxelles; and in 1697, in the siege of Ath.

By the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted three battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 5 December 1673: Wolfgang Marquis de Greder (began his military career as ensign in the Gardes Suisses, then returned to Switzerland before receiving command of a regiment at his name; promoted to brigadier on 3 September 1688)
  • from 15 January 1691: Louis Marquis Greder (major in the regiment of his father before becoming its colonel; promoted to brigadier in 1696; died in Paris in February 1703)
  • from 28 January 1703 to 14 December 1714: Balthazar Marquis Greder (youngest son of Louis Marquis Greder; promoted to brigadier on 10 January 1704; died in Paris on 14 December 1714)

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was attached to the corps who occupied the places of the Spanish Netherlands in the name of Philip V. It served in Boufflers's Army.

In 1702, the regiment was at the brilliant affair of Nijmegen.

In 1703, the regiment, initially under the command of Villeroy and then in Boufflers's Corps, took part in the Campaign in the Low Countries. On 30 June, it was at the Battle of Ekeren near Antwerp where its colonel was wounded.

In 1704, the regiment was part of the garrison of Termonde and contributed to the defence of the place.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies where it defended the village. It then returned to Termonde.

In 1707, the regiment served with the Army of Flanders under the Duc de Vendôme who remained on the defensive.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde where it was deployed on the left wing and sustained the attacks of the Allies till the evening. The regiment then retired to Ghent.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet where it was initially kept in reserve behind the right wing as part of May's Brigade. This brigade executed a charge at the point of the bayonet, driving back the enemy and retreating after a combat of eight hours, once the two wings of the army had retired. In this sanguinary battle, Lieutenants Bordier and Knauss were killed; while Major Baron, Captain Travers and Lieutenants Megnet, Zelger and Frey were wounded. The regiment then assumed garrison duty in Aire.

In 1710, the regiment took part in the defence of Aire under the Marquis de Guébriant, governor of the place. The garrison (22 bns) finally capitulated after a siege of two months (from 16 September to November), obtaining the honours of war. On 12 November, the regiment marched out of Aire and took up its winter-quarters at Saint-Omer.

In 1711, after having spent winter in Saint-Omer, the regiment distinguished itself in the combat of Arleux.

In 1712, on 8 September, the regiment took part in the attack against Douai. By 4 October, it was at the siege of Le Quesnoy and then, on October 19, at the capitulation of Bouchain.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1720 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details as per
Lemau de la Jaisse, Funcken, Marbot
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver with a white or black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver with a white or black cockade
Neck stock white
Coat garance red with blue lining; blue trimmed buttonholes; pewter buttons on the right side and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps garance red fastened with a pewter button
Lapels none
Pockets vertical pockets (horizontal as per Marbot) , each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat blue with pewter buttons
Breeches blue
Stockings white fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters none at the beginning of the war, white later
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather (often whitened with pipe-clay) with a brass buckle
Waistbelt natural leather (often whitened with pipe-clay) with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard black with white metal fittings
Footwear black shoes with a brass buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

no information found yet

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field with a white cross; each canton decorated with 18 golden fleurs de lys arranged 4-3-4-3-4.

Ordonnance Colour: a white cross; each canton carrying 9 flames (black, red, white, green, red, green, white, red, black).

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Gilbert Noury


References

The article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 6, pp. 388-391

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle, p. 55

Lemau de la Jaisse, P.: Abregé de la Carte Générale du Militaire de France, Paris, 1734, p. 118

Marbot, Alfred de and E. Dunoyer de Noirmont: ‎Les uniformes de l'armée française, T1 "1439 à 1789"‎

Vasis, Jules: Historique du 69e régiment d'infanterie, Librairie Chapelot, 1913

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article