Origin and History
The regiment was raised raised in 1740. For the next seventeen years, the regiment underwent a few name changes.
In December 1755, the regiment was renumbered the “60th Regiment of Foot” under lieutenant-general Robert Anstruther, and was then known as "Anstruther's Regiment." Sometime in 1756, it was re-designated the “47th Regiment of Foot”. Finally in October 1756, the regiment was again renumbered the “58th Regiment of Foot”, a name that it would retain throughout the Seven Years' War.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- since December 1755: lieutenant-general Robert Anstruther
Service during the War
In 1758, the regiment took part to the amphibious expedition against the fortress of Louisbourg in Canada.. It embarked on April 17 and arrived at Halifax on May 9. The expedition was under the command of general Amherst. On June 8 1758, when Amherst's army landed near Louisbourg, the regiment was part of the left brigade under Lawrence. Between June and July, the regiment took part to the siege of Louisbourg which surrendered on July 27.
In 1759, the regiment took part to the amphibious expedition against Québec, being attached to brigadier-general Monckton's brigade. On June 27, the army landed on Isle-d'Orléans and were drawn up on the beach near the village of Saint-Laurent. On July 31, the grenadiers of the regiment took part to the failed attack on the shores of Beauport, suffering heavy losses in the fight. Late in the evening of September 12, the regiment formed part of the first 1,700 men who were ordered from the British vessels above Québec into bateaux in preparation for a landing at Anse-au-Foulon. On September 13, most of the regiment took part in the battle of the Plains of Abraham near Québec. These 8 coys were deployed in the centre, while 2 coys were left to guard the landing place. On September 18, Québec finally surrendered. At the end of October, when vice-admiral Saunders left with his fleet for Great Britain, the regiment, whose ranks had been replenished to about 400 men by drafts from the 62nd Foot and 69th Foot, remained as garrison in Québec along with 9 other battalions.
On April 28 1760, at the defeat of Sainte-Foy, the regiment was in Burton's brigade on the right wing. The same year, it was also involved in the expedition against Montréal, where the surrender of Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil's troops on September 12 1760 brought an end to the conquest of Canada.
In 1762, the regiment was part of Burton's Corps sent from North America to assist the British force who had laid siege to Havana . It arrived in Cuba on June 27 and took part to the siege and capture of Havana suffering heavy losses from sickness during the following months.
|Coat||brick red lined buff and laced white (unknown pattern for this period, but in 1768 it was white with a central red stripe, our plate illustrates this lace) with 3 white buttonholes under the lapels (same lace as above)
|Waistcoat||brick red laced white (same lace as above)|
|Gaiters||white with black buttons|
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword. They also carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.
Officers of the regiment wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences
- silver gorget around the neck
- an aiguilette on the right shoulder
- silver lace instead of normal lace
- a crimson sash
Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.
Officers generally carried a spontoon, however, in battle some carried muskets instead.
According to the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751:
- The drummers of the regiment were clothed in black, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with red, and laced in such manner as the colonel shall think fit for distinction sake, the lace, however, was of the colours of that on the soldiers' coats.
- The front or fore part of the drums was painted black, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “LVIII” under it. The rims were red.
King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LVIII" in gold Roman numerals.
Regimental Colour: black field with a red cross; centre device consisting of a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LVIII" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.
Aylor, Ron, British Regimental Drums and Colours
Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751
Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II, p. 90-103
Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.