Archangel Rafail (66)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy >> Archangel Rafail (66)

Origin and History

The ship was designed by Joseph Noy and built by V. Batakov (В. Батаков) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. Her keel was laid down on July 15 1744 (July 4 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). She was launched on May 16 1745 (May 5 O.S.). She was attached to the Fleet of the Baltic Sea.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in 1757: Captain I. I. Senyavin (И.И. Сенявин)
  • in 1758: Captain D. I. Wilison (Wilyson?) (Д.И. Вилисон)

The ship was broken up in 1759 in Kronshtadt.

Service during the War

In 1757 the ship was part of the squadron commanded by Z. D. Mishukov (З.Д. Мишуков) who sailed from Kronshtadt on June 11 (May 31 O.S.) to blockade the Prussian coasts. From July 12 (July 1 O.S.), she cruised near Pillau as part of a detachment chraged to observe Prussian vessels. On August 2 (July 22 O.S.), she rejoined the main Russian fleet at Danzig. On August 19 (August 8 O.S.), she sailed towards Sweden as part of a squadron. On August 29 (August 18 O.S.), a storm damaged her mainmast and her captain decided to leave the squadron and to sail back to Revel. On September 15 (Sept. 4 O.S.), the ship arrived at Kronshtadt.

In 1758 the ship was recognized unfit for service, the crew was sent to other ships of fleet.

The ship was broken up in 1759 in Kronshtadt.


Sketch of a typical 66-gun ship according to the Shipbuilding Regulations – Source: Collection of Roman Shlygin

The design of most Russian ships of the line of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.

Technical specifications
Guns 66
Lower gun deck 24 x 24-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Upper gun deck 26 x 12-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 16 x 6-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Crew no information found
Length at keel 37.95 m (124' 6”)
Length at gun deck 47.40 m (155' 6”)
Width 12.65 m (41' 6”)
Depth in Hold 5.49 m (18')
Displacement approx. 1,200 metric tons


Main Sources

Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904

Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872

Other Sources

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 years of sailing fleet)


Roman Shlygin for his collaboration on this article