Both Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Mecklenburg-Schwerin Army >> Both Infantry

Origin and History

The initial battalion was raised on August 1, 1759 as "Both Infantry Battalion" from one company of Alt-Zülow Infantry, 2 companies of Jung-Zülow Infantry and the men fit for duty from Infantry-Battalion Alt-Dömitz for a total of 4 companies.

In 1760 the battalion was augmented to 8 companies and renamed "Both Infantry Regiment".

During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the regiment was:

  • from August 1, 1759 to January 31,1795 : Colonel Hartwig Ulrich von Both (later promoted to lieutenant-general)

Service during the War

no information found yet

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Courtesy: Boris Brink
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier mitre with silver-plated front plate decorated with the ducal arms and trophies of war and a red pompom
Neck stock black
Coat dark blue in Prussian cut lined red
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels red with white edging and probably 7 tin buttons arranged 1-2-2-2
Pockets no information available yet probably horizontal pockets, each with 2 tin buttons
Cuffs red with white edging, each probably with 2 or 3 tin buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black in winter, white in summer
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown with brass fittings
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes


Officers

Officers wore a golden sash with a red and a blue stripes around the waist.

Colours

After the accession of Duke Friedrich (1756), the colors were reduced to two per battalion. The first battalion carried an Avancierfahne and a Retirierfahne, the second battalion two Retirierfahnen. The battalions received their colours on December 3, 1759.

Note These tentative reconstructions of the colours of this regiment are based on textual descriptions. However, the cipher of Friedrich is copied from a coin. For the central shield, there were two possible interpretations: an oval shield (shown on a coin dating from 1764) and an escutcheon (shown on a medal dating from 1754). We chose to represent an oval shield.

Avancierfahne (colonel colour): white field; centre device consisting of the great coat of arms flanked by a black bull (left) and a golden griffin (right), standing on trophies on a green ground and surmounted by a golden ducal crown. On both sides of the arms were two grenades (exact position unknown). The corner devices consisted of the crowned ducal cipher "F" (Friedrich) surrounded by a laurel branch with berries and a palm branch. All decorations were painted in gold.

Retirierfahne (regimental colour): light blue field, otherwise as the Avancierfahne.

Avancierfahne - Source: Richard Couture, Kronoskaf
Retirierfahne - Source: Richard Couture, Kronoskaf


References

Keubke, Erna und Klaus-Ulrich; Mumm, Ralf: Das Mecklenburger Militär und seine Uniformen 1701-1918, Schriften zur Geschichte Mecklenburgs, Band 15, Schwerin 2005

Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde (Mecklenburgische Jahrbücher) 1836-1940

  • Schäfer, Ernst: Mecklenburgs Militärwesen vor und in den Freiheitskriegen: Vortrag, gehalten im Verein für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde am 21. Oktober 1913, bei der Erinnerungsfeier an die Leipziger Schlacht; Vol. 80 (1915), pp. 97-114

Voss, E. von: Beiträge zur Meklenburgischen Fahnenkunde, in Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 45 (1880), S. 291-314

Acknowledgements

Volker Scholz for the initial version of the article and Boris Brink for additional info on the origin and uniform of the regiment.