Origin and History
The brigade was formed on March 7, 1732 from carabiniers of the various line cavalry regiments. It belonged to the Household cavalry and, to the exception of the Reales Guardias de Corps, had precedence over all cavalry units of the Spanish army. It counted 4 squadrons, each consisting of three companies.
During the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the brigade served in Italy and fought at Bitonto on May 24 1734).
During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the brigade served once more in Italy, being present to all major actions. On February 8, 1743, at the battle of Campo Santo, it lost 134 men. On August 20, 1745, along with 1,000 infantrymen, it forced the passage of the Tanaro river
On December 1754, it was decreed that all dragoon regiments would now have to contribute men to the Carabineros Reales, as the line cavalry regiments already did.
The staff of the brigade consisted of:
- 1 officer (ranking as brigadier)
- 1 deputy commander (ranking as colonel)
- 1 major (ranking as colonel)
- 1 adjutant (ranking as lieutenant-colonel)
- 1 chaplain
- 1 surgeon
- 1 kettle-drummer
- 1 saddler
- 1 marechal-ferrant
- 6 trumpeters
By 1762, each company counted 34 men (it would be increased to 56 men on May 24, 1763):
- 1 captain (ranking as lieutenant-colonels with the three most senior captains ranking as colonel)
- 1 lieutenant (ranking as captains)
- 1 ensign
- 1 sergeant (ranking as alférez)
- 3 corporals
- 27 carabiniers (ranking as alférez)
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- from 1753 to 1770: Duque de Huéscar
Service during the War
No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War
|Headgear||black tricorne laced silver with a red cockade fastened with a white button|
|Coat||dark blue with white buttons on the right side, small white buttons to fasten the basques
|Waistcoat||crimson laced silver with white buttons, horizontal pockets with white buttons|
|Breeches||dark blue (as per some authors, may have been red during campaigns)|
no information available yet
Musicians wore a dark blue coat heavily laced with silver braids, red cuffs and red breeches.
The coronela (colonel standard) of the brigade was white with silver embroideries and bore the royal arms.
The squadron standards carried by the 3 other squadrons were blue and bore the royal arms.
Album de Taccoli, 1759
Anne Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library, Providence, Rhode Island
Boeri, G. C., Horse Grenadiers and Royal Carabiniers of the Spanish Army in Italy - 1734-1747, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 9
Caballipedia – Brigada de Carabineros Reales
Ministerio de Defensa, El Ejército de Fernando VI, Madrid, 1993, pp. 42-43
O'Hara, Danny, The Forces of King Charles III, Seven Years War Association Journal, Vol. XII No. 3
Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.