Espérance (74)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Espérance (74)

Origin and History

The ship was Built by Levasseur in 1722 in Toulon and launched in 1722.

During the Seven Years' War the ship was commanded by:

  • in 1755: Comte Jubert de Bouville

The ship was sunk on November 15, 1755.

Service during the War

In 1755, the took part in the expedition to reinforce Canada and more particularly Louisbourg. For this campaign, she was armed as a "flute", her armament being reduced to only 24 guns. She transported the grenadier company and three other companies of Artois Infanterie and three companies of Bourgogne Infanterie. After disembarking the troops, the ship sailed back to France. On November 13, she fell in with Byng's fleet which had sailed from Spithead a month before. The Orford (70) was ordered to chase, and soon began a close action, in which the Revenge (64) presently joined. The Espérance made a stout resistance and did not strike until the squadron began to draw up, after a three hours fight. She was an old ship and had been so severely handled that, considering the badness of the weather, it was judged useless to keep her afloat. She had lost 90 killed and wounded out of a total of 300. Her surviving people were, therefore, taken out of her, and she was set on fire. This was on November 15, when it was first possible to send a boat on board her, although she had been making signals of distress ever since her capture on November 13.


Technical specifications
Guns 74
1st deck 26 x 36-pdrs
2nd deck 28 x 18-pdrs
3rd deck 16 x 8-pdrs and 4 x 4-pdrs
Crew n/a
Length 152' (49.37 m) in French feet
Width 43' 4" (14.00 m)
Depth 18' (5.85 m)
Displacement 1400 tons


Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 289

Deschênes, Ronald, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar