Hanoverian Leib-Regiment Reuter
Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1682 as the "Prince Georg Ludwig Regiment".
During the Seven Years' War, the regimental inhabers were:
- since 1751: von Diemar
- from 1757: Max. von Breidenbach
- from 1757: von Pentz
- from 1758: von Spörcken
- from 1761: von Jonquières
The regiment was disbanded in 1803.
Service during the War
On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the battle of Krefeld where it was deployed in the centre under the command of Lieutenant-general von Oberg.
In June 1759, during the French offensive in West Germany, the regiment was part of Wangenheim's Corps who had taken position at Dülmen in Westphalia to observe the movement of a French corps under the Marquis d'Armentières. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it was deployed in Wangenheim's Corps between Kutenhausen and the Weser, in the second line of cavalry right wing under Major-general von Hanstein.
On July 10 1760, the regiment took part in the combat of Corbach where it was deployed in the right column of the main corps under Lieutenant-general Count von Kilmannsegg. On October 16, the regiment took part in the battle of Clostercamp where it was attached to the Reserve under Lieutenant-general Howard.
By May 23 1762, in preparation for the campaign in West Germany, the regiment was attached to the Allied Main Army. On June 24, it took part in the battle of Wilhelmsthal where it was deployed in the 7th column.
Accurate Vorstellung der saemtlichen Churfürstl. hannöverischen Armee zur eigentlichen Kentniß der Uniform von jedem Regimente nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird Nürnberg: Raspe 1763 (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt)
|Coat||white with 6 pewter buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the right side and 1 pewter button at the small of the back on each side
|Waistcoat||straw edged yellow (maybe yellow from 1761)|
Troopers were armed with a straight steel hilted sword, two pistols and a carbine. The carbine was slung from the shoulder belt on a swivel hook.
Officers wore a yellow silken sash across the right shoulder; a silver gorget, a silver porte-epee; a silver lace on the tricorne. They did not carry any cross-belt.
NCOs had silver laces on the cuffs, pockets and waistcoat. They did not carry any cross-belt.
The musicans were trumpeters and a kettle-drummer. They were usually dressed in reverse colours; staff trumpeter probably carried NCO distinctives.
The kettle-drums were made of brass and decorated with the Arms of England in silver. They apron as well as the trumpet banners were fringed gold and carried the Arms of England supported by a Lion and a Unicorn; the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath; trophies of arms in the lower corners; the initials “GR” on a red ground within the Garter in the upper corners;
The regiment carried one Leibstandarte and one regimental standard.
Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field with golden embroideries; gold fringe
- obverse: centre device consisting of the Arms of England within the Garter surmounted by a crown and supported by a Lion and a Unicorn; with the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath
- reverse: centre device consisting of the double “GR” cipher
Regimental Standard: white field with golden embroideries; gold fringe
- obverse: centre device consisting of the Springing White Horse on an orange ground within the Garter surmounted by a helmet with a ermine mantling; the motto “NEC ASPERA TERRENT” underneath
- reverse: centre device consisting of a silver column with gold fluting; the initials “GR” at the base; a drawn sword below the capital of the column; with gold scales; the motto “PRO LEGE ET GREGE” underneath
Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part I : Das Heer von 1763, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 1-4 (1909), page 3-15
Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part II: Das Heer von 1770, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 4-5 (1909), page 15-20
Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Kurze Stammliste. 1617 bis 1803, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 6-11 (1909), page 22-42
Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II
Niemeyer, Joachim and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Heereskunde
Manley, S., Uniforms of the Danish and German States' Armies 1739 - 1748, Potsdam Publications
Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press
Pengel, R.D, Hurt G.R.: Seven Years War. Brunswick-Luneburg (Hanover). Hessen Cassel. Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. Schaumburg Lippe. Supplement, Birmingham 1984
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989
Schirmer, Friedrich: Nec Aspera Terrent: Eine Heereskunde der hannoverschen Armee von 1631 bis 1803, Niedersächische Hausbücherei, Bd. 3, Hannover 1929