Knesebeck Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Knesebeck Infantry

Origin and History

Regiment of Foot Knesebeck (Freidermann in 1748) - Source: Gmundner Prachtwerk, a manuscript in the library of the Prince of Hannover

The regiment was raised in 1665. It garrisoned Fallersleben, Gifhorn, Burgdorf and Wittengen.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since 1742: von Bothmer
  • from 1743: von Freidermann
  • from 1756: von der Knesebeck
  • from 1758: von Reden


Service during the War

On July 26 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under the command of General Block.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the Battle of Krefeld where it was deployed in the centre in Lieutenant-General Oberg's Brigade (6 battalions) which, at the opening of the battle was ordered to make a diversion towards Sankt-Tönis. In December 1758, when the Allied army took its winter-quarters in Westphalia, the regiment was quartered in Tillegette, Walbech and Alberstock.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, the regiment took part in the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in the first line of the 4th column in Major-General von Scheele's Brigade.

On July 10 1760, the regiment took part in the Combat of Corbach where it was attached to the right column of the main corps under Lieutenant-General Count von Kilmannsegg. On October 16, at the Battle of Clostercamp, the regiment along with the 87th Keith's Highlanders, the 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Huske) and the 20th Kingsley's Foot assaulted the monastery at Kamp.

On June 24 1762, the regiment took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal where it was attached to Granby's Corps forming the left wing towards Dörnberg.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a sprig of oak leaves, three red and black pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Knesebeck Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Black front and small flap with white decorations. On the front was a brass crowned shield with GR and Order of the Garter below. The small flap had a white border, bomb and scroll work, red sack, black back base all piped in white lace.
Neck stock black
Coat red with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels (hidden by the sleeve in our plate)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels black, each with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs black (slashed in the British pattern), each with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks white fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat white with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword (brass hilt), and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating black and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field; centre device consisting of the Arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colour: red field; centre device depicting a scene with a knight, a fortress with rockets fired from the remparts; under the centre device, a trophy of flags; over the centre device, a white scroll carrying the motto IMPAVIDUM FERIENT RUINE. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel H., and Hans M. Brauer: Heer und Tradition

Niemeyer Joachim and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War

Pengel & Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar