Origin and History
The regiment was raised on September 1 1743 by the Maréchal de Löwendahl.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment first served in Flanders in 1744. On May 11 1745, it was at the Battle of Fontenoy. In 1746, it took part in the siege of Namur. In 1747, it was at the siege of Bergen op Zoom. In 1748, it took part in the siege and capture of Maastricht.
The regiment counted two battalions.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 106th and was under the command of:
- since 1755: Comte de Lowendahl
Service during the War
In 1757, the regiment joined the French Army of the Lower Rhine. On May 5, the regiment was assigned to the blockade of Gueldre. It finally took its winter-quarters in the first line in the area of Bremen.
At the end of January 1758, the regiment was assigned to the army that Louis XV planned to send to Bohemia for joint operations with the Austrian Army. However, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched his winter offensive in February, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French Army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. By July, it had been transferred to Soubise's Army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse.
In June 1759, during the French offensive in West Germany, the regiment was part of the main army under the command of the Marquis de Contades and was deployed in the second line of the infantry centre. On August 1, during the Battle of Minden, the regiment garrisoned Minden, occupying the ramparts and the 3 bridgeheads.
The following description has been verified against the manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I" and Taccoli's book published in 1760.
|Coat||blue lined blue with 10 yellow buttons and 10 white laced buttonholes grouped 2 by 2 on both sides (10 yellow buttons on the right side only and no laced buttonhole as per the manuscript of 1757)
|Waistcoat||blue with 10 yellow buttons on each side and 10 white laced buttonholes; horizontal pockets edged white with 3 yellow buttons and 3 white laced buttonholes|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
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The colonel flag of the regiment was white with a white cross.
N.B.: the manuscript of 1757 illustrates a white colour decorated with a trophy of arms.
The ordonnance flags had a blue field with a 3 golden fleurs de lys surmounted with a golden crown and surrounded by yellow palm wreath. These flags were bordered by a wide purple band between two narrower white bands.
N.B.: ordonnance flags probably wore the motto "Merebimur".
Anon.: Manuscript Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I, Musée de l'Armée, Paris
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23
Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.