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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> States >> Prussia

Map of Europe in 1750 showing the Kingdom of Prussia
Capital Berlin
Language(s) German
Religion Protestant
Population 4,500,000
Government Kingdom
Dependencies not yet available
Rulers 1740-1786: Frederick II
Fortresses Breslau, Colberg, Cosel, Cüstrin, Magdeburg, Neisse, Schweidnitz, Spandau, Wesel.

After the Peace of Dresden of 1745, the Prussians had completed the works on the fortifications of Neisse. The fortifications of Cosel had also been extended so that they could resist an attack. Schweidnitz had also been transformed from an important depot into a real fortress. Finally, important improvements had also been made to the fortifications of Glatz, while very minor improvements had been made to those of Brieg and Breslau.

Army At the beginning of the conflict, the Prussian Army numbered some 160,000 men.
Navy see the article on the Prussian Navy
In 1747, Frederick II had concluded a defensive alliance with Sweden against Russia.

On June 5 1741, France and Prussia had signed a 15 years long alliance in Breslau. Thus this treaty would come to an end on June 5 1756.

On January 16 1756, by the Treaty of Westminster, Prussia concluded a defensive alliance with Great Britain.

In 1756, when the French Court learned of the alliance of Prussia with Great Britain, it decided not to renew its treaty with Prussia and concluded an alliance with Austria instead.


Carlyle, T., History of Friedrich II of Prussia vol. 17

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, pp. 5-25