Rossiya (32)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy >> Rossiya (32)

Origin and History

The frigate was built by I. V. James (И. В. Ямес) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. The keel was laid down on June 5 1753 (May 25 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). The frigate was launched on May 7 1754 (April 26 O.S.).

During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:

  • in 1756: Captain A. Valrond (А. Валронд)
  • in 1757: Captain F. I. Neklyudov (Ф. И. Неклюдов)
  • in 1758 and 1759: Captain F. Pivov (Ф. Пивов)
  • in 1760 and 1761: Captain S. Razderishin (С. Раздеришин)
  • in 1762: Captain P. K. Krenitsyn (П. К. Креницын)

The frigate was broken up in Kronshtadt in 1771.

Service during the War

From September to October 1756, the frigate cruised in the Baltic Sea with a squadron searching for Prussian ships.

From May to August 1757, the frigate cruised with squadron near the Prussian coasts and delivered dispatches to the Russian ambassador in Stockholm.

From July to September 1758, the frigate was a part of a fleet who sailed to Amager Island to block access to the Øresund and thus prevent any intervention of the British Navy in the Baltic Sea.

From April to August 1759, the frigate cruised near Pillau, escorting cargo vessels on their way to Danzig.

In July 1760, the frigate cruised in the Gulf of Finland. From August to September, she was part of the fleet who established a blockade during the during the Siege of Colberg. She took part in the bombardment of the fortress.

In 1761, the frigate was part of a fleet who transported troops from Kronshtadt to the Pomeranian coast and blockaded Colberg.

From May to July 1762, the frigate sailed with the fleet to Colberg and then cruised near the Prussian coasts.


Sketch of a typical 32-gun frigate according to the Shipbuilding Regulations – Source: Collection of Roman Shlygin

The design of most Russian frigates of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.

Technical specifications
Guns 32
Gun deck 20 x 12-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 12 x 6-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Crew 200 men
Length at keel 28.80 m (94' 6")
Length at gun deck 35.97 m (118')
Width 9.60 m (31' 6”)
Depth in Hold 4.27 m (14')
Displacement no information found yet


Main Sources

Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904

Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872

Other Sources

Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian Sailing Fleet, Vol.1, 1997

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 Years of Sailing Fleet)


Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article