Origin and History
The regiment was raised late in 1759 with British subsidies. It initially counted many Hungarian troopers and consisted of 4 coys (114 men each) and a staff of 17 for a total of 473 men.
For the 1761 campaign, the regiment was augmented to 6 coys, totalling about 747 men.
The regimental Inhaber were:
- from 1759: von Roth
- from May 1761: Friedrich Adolf Riedesel zu Eisenbach
After the Seven Years's War, each company of the regiment was reduced to only 12 men. The regiment was finally disbanded in 1806.
Service during the War
The regiment participated extensively in the Kleinkrieg.
|Voices from the Past|
|On July 26, 1760, the Allies retire from Istha|
On May 24 1760, the regiment, attached to Luckner's Corps, took part in an attack on a French detachment under the command of Waldner occupying Butzbach. A party of the French Bercheny Hussards sent to reconnoitre the Allied positions was pursued by Allied hussars who entered into Butzbach on their trail. Waldner retired through another gate with the garrison and entered into the woods in the direction of Friedberg. The Allied hussars engaged a picquet of Caraman Dragons and captured 1 officer and 20 troopers. They then engaged a picquet of infantry and captured 25 men. Luckner then divided his force into 2 parties: the mounted jägers entered into the woods while the Roth Hussars pursued the retreating French units up to Friedberg, bringing back prisoners and 30 carriages. In this action Luckner lost 2 hussars killed and 5 wounded. He also destroyed a French magazine.
|Headgear||black fur hat with a medium blue (bleu mourant) bag laced in white|
|Dolman||yellow with pewter buttons and white braids
|Pelisse||medium blue laced with with black fur trim|
Troopers were armed with a sabre, a carbine and a pistols.
Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers but with silver laces and braids.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with silver lace on collar and cuffs.
Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 illustrations by Herbert Knötel d. J., with text and explanations by Dr. Martin Letzius, Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932
Ortenburg, Georg von: Braunschweigisches Militär, Elm Verlag, Cremlingen, 1987
Pengel & Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press
Schirmer; Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989
Stolz, Gerd: Das braunschweigische Husaren-Regiment von Riedesel, in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, Nr. 247, XXXVII Jg. (1973), S. 118-123