Severnyi Orel (66)
Origin and History
The ship (her name meant "North Eagle") was built by O. Nai at the St. Petersburg Admiralty dockyard. The keel was laid down on October 15 (October 4 old style later abbreviated to O.S.) 1733. The ship was launched on June 12 (June 1 O.S.) 1735.
The ship saw active service during the Russo-Swedish War of 1741-1743.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in 1756: Captain F. I. Neklyudov (Ф.И. Неклюдов)
- in 1757: Captain M. Jidovinov (М. Жидовинов)
- in 1758: Captain F. I. Neklyudov (Ф.И. Неклюдов)
- in 1759: Captain I. M. Selivanov (И.М. Селиванов)
- in 1760: Captain I. Golenishev-Kutuzov (И. Голенищев-Кутузов)
The ship was broken up in Kronshtadt in 1763.
Service during the War
In 1757, the ship was a part of the squadron of Counter-Admiral V. F. Lewis (В.Ф. Люис) who set off from Revel (present-day Tallin, Estonia) on May 10 (April 29 O.S.) and sailed to the coasts of Prussia. From May 28 (May 17 O.S.) to August 19 (August 8 O.S.) the ship cruised along the Prussian coast, being involved in the blockades of Danzig, Memel and Pillau. In August 19 (August 8 O.S.), she left Danzig with the squadron sailing to Sweden and on September 15 (September 4 O.S.) finally arrived at Revel. From September 22 (September 11 O.S.) to November 8 (October 28 O.S.), she was part of the squadron of Vice-Admiral A. I. Polyanskyi (А.И. Полянский) who sailed from Revel to blockade the Prussian coasts.
On June 19 (June 8 O.S.) 1758, the ship sailed from Revel as flagship of Vice-Admiral A. I. Polyanskyi's squadron to cruise in the Baltic. From July 20 (July 9 O.S.) to September 9 (August 29 O.S.), she was part of the Russo-Swedish fleet who cruised at the entry of the Baltic between Danish Zealand and the Swedish coast to prevent any action of the British Navy. On October 3 (September 22 O.S.), she arrived at Revel.
From May 13 (May 2 O.S.) to October 6 (September 25 O.S.) 1759, the ship was the flagship of Vice-Admiral A. I. Polyanskyi's squadron who sailed from Revel to cruise along the coast of Pomerania, patrolling the area of Colberg – Karlshamn – Bornholm Island.
In August 1760, the ship was attached to the fleet who took part in the Expedition against Colberg. She left Revel on August 14 (August 3 O.S.) and, on August 28 (August 17 O.S.), covered the landing of the Russian troops. On September 21 (September 10 O.S.), she re-embarked troops on the coast and sailed back to Revel. Later that year, the ship was sent to Kronshtadt due to leakage.
The design of most Russian ships of the line of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.
|Length at keel||37.95 m (124' 6”)|
|Length at gun deck||47.40 m (155' 6”)|
|Width||12.65 m (41' 6”)|
|Depth in Hold||5.49 m (18')|
|Displacement||approx. 1,200 metric tons|
Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 years of sailing fleet)
Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article