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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> States >> Sweden

Map of Europe in 1740 showing the kingdom of Sweden
Capital Stockholm
Language(s) Swedish, Finnish, Lapp, German
Religion Protestant (Lutheran)
Population 1,749,000 (1749 census)
Government Constitutional monarchy
Dependencies Finland should not be considered as a dependency. It rather was a totally integrated part of the Swedish Realm since about 1250.
Rulers 1751-1771: King Adolf Frederick
Army At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the Swedish army numbered some 48,000 men (excluding staff, officers, NCOs and musicians) divided up as follows:
  • 35,000 Foot
  • 10,000 Horse
  • 3,000 Artillery

see the article on the Swedish Army for more details

Navy see the article on the Swedish Navy
In 1747, Prussia had concluded a defensive alliance with Sweden against Russia. Meanwhile, Sweden had renewed its subsidy agreement with France.

The reversal of alliances of 1756 led Sweden to abandon its alliance with Prussia and to side with France.

Trade A company had been created to trade with India. In 1750, this company was nationalized with the help of merchants from Stockholm and Göteborg. It was generally recognized as one of the best business of the country. Contrarily to British, Dutch and French similar companies, it had no permanent counter in India.


Devèze, M.: L'Europe et le monde à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, Albin Michel, 1970, p. 132

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, p. 5

Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16