Dutch Army

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army

Gardes

Gardes du Corps
Gardes te Paard van Zijne Hoogheid (Majesteit), incorporated into Hendrik Graaf van Nassau-Ouwerkerk Infantry in 1705
Garde te Paard, aka Blaue Garde aka Portland's Horse
Garde Dragonders

Regiment te Voet van Zijne Majesteit, 1702 Hollandsche Gardes
Compagnie Gardes Friesland, aka Johan Willem Friso
Compagnie Gardes Groningen

Line Infantry

Organisation
Generalities about uniforms
Generalities about the colours

Dutch Line Infantry Regiments

Welderen

Beynheym, 1704 Deelen
Plettenberg
Nassau-Saarbrücken (Ottweiler), 1701 van der Beke
Holstein-Ploen, 1704 Oudestein, 1705 Bruhese
Saint-Amant
Lindeboom
Prins van Birkenfeld, 1704 Baron van Huffel
Heukelom, 1710 Benthem
Menno Baron van Coehoorn, 1704 Berkhoffer
Tassin de Torsay, 1709 Chavonnes
Goor, 1704 Hangest Genlis
Salisch, 1711 Buchwitz
Fagel
Soutelande, 1710 Jacquot
Slangenburg
Prins van Brandenburg aka Donhof or Denhof
Graaf van Dohna-Ferrassieres, 1708 Villegas
Nassau-Saarbrücken (Usingen) Walloon aka Walen, aka Nassau-Waale
Prins van Holstein-Norburg, 1711 Saint Maurice, 1712 Lawick
Amelisweerd
Graaf de Noyelles, 1708 Verpoorten
Nassau-Friesland, 1702 Oranje-Friesland

Arents, 1701 Vassy, 1703 Steenhuysen

Nassau Heer van Woudenberg aka Ouwerkerk, 1712 Jonckheere
Baron van Pallandt
Baron van Keppel
Haersolte, 1701 Salm, 1701 Ranck, 1715 Rantzouw
Waes, 1706 Keppelfox
Schratenbach, 1706 Ockinga, 1711 Graaf van Nassau-Dillenburg
Hertog van Saksen-Eisenach
Vegelin van Claerbergen aka Scheltinga, 1713 Sixma
Gideon van Coehoorn, 1703 Idsinga
Amama aka Beyma
Heyden
Wilcke, 1705 Rechteren van Westerveld
Losecaat, 1704 Alberti
Holtzappel aka Ten Ham, 1705 Wichers
Prott, 1703 Ripperda
Lindtsau, 1704 Sichterman, 1709 Baron van Dongen ter Klencke, 1710 Ijsbrandts
Dedem
Reynhard
Els aka van Heeckeren
Baron van Friesheim
Prins van Holstein-Beck

Huguenot Line Infantry Regiments

These regiment originally served in the English Army and had recently been taken in Dutch pay.

Lislemarais
Baron de Viçouse
Belcastel, 1711 La Tremouille de Montese

Prussian Regiments

Kroonprins van Pruissen aka Kronprinz von Preussen aka Prince Royal de Prusse

Scot Regiments

These regiment originally served in the Scottish Army and had recently been taken in Dutch pay.

Lauder
Murray of Melgum
Colyear
Strathnaver Count of Sutherland, 1702 Lorne Duke of Argyll, 1706 Tullibardine, 1709 Campbell, 1710 Wood
George Hamilton
Portmore, 1703 Dalrymple, 1706 Borthwick, 1706 Hepburn, 1709 Douglas

Swedish Regiments

Graaf van Oxenstierna, 1709 Baron van Cronstrom

Swiss Line Infantry Regiments

The conflicts of Louis XIV against German Protestant princes or the Protestant Dutch Republic regularly created tense situations and even desertions within the Swiss Protestant regiments in the French service, whose soldiers perceived these conflicts as a fight against their religion. In 1685, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes exasperated opinions in the Swiss Protestant cantons, and Zurich and Schaffhausen limited the engagements of their subjects in regiments destined to the King of France. The religious question was still a real problem in these days. France mainly used Swiss regiments of Catholic origins, but also maintained Swiss regiments or companies originating from Protestant cantons.

In fact, a large proportion of the officers (including Wermüller, Saconnay, May, Goumoëns, De Cappol, etc.) serving in the Swiss regiments in the Dutch service had begun their military career with Swiss troops in the French service. In the face of the persecutions suffered by Protestants, they massively left the French service in the years following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

As early as 1693, the Dutch Republic took advantage of this situation to raise Swiss Protestant regiments. However, up to the War of the Spanish Succession, Swiss Protestant cantons, fearing the threat of France, which had just conquered Franche-Comté and Montbéliard at the gates of the confederation, remained cautious, tolerating the unofficial levy of Swiss troops for the Dutch service.

Before 1701, Swiss regiments raised to serve the Dutch Republic had not yet the official approbation of the cantons where they were recruited, an approbation subjected to a formal agreement with the canton. However, the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession and the occupation by France of the so-called barrier-fortresses lifted the last reluctance of the Protestant Swiss cantons, which concluded agreements with emissaries of the Dutch Republic.

In 1701, William III, King of Great Britain and Stadhouder of the Dutch Republic, appointed Arnold Joost van Keppel, Earl of Albemarle as colonel-general of the Swiss and Grisons regiments in the Dutch service.

Note: Swiss regiments were not ranked before a resolution of the State General dated 26 January 1718.

Lochmann, 1704 Hirtzel, 1708 Graaf van Dohna-Ferrassières, 1712 Tscharner
Capol, 1706 Grüneck
Tscharner, 1707 Hunningen
Montmollin, 1702 Sturler
Sacconay-Bursinel, 1706 Mestral
Muralt, 1702 Chambrier
Albemarle
Diesbach, raised in 1711

Other units

N.B.: Units hired from Denmark, Hanover, Hessen-Kassel, Palatinate and Prussia are not listed in this section. They are rather listed in the articles depicting these armies.

Brandenburg-Ansbach Hired Units

Janus von Eberstätt, 1703 Heydebrecht, 1705 Seckendorff-Gutend aka Jung-Seckendorff, 1708 Kavanagh (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Seckendorff-Aberdar, 1705 aka Alt-Seckendorff, 1707 Castell-Remlingen (hired from 1701 to 1712)

Holstein-Gottorp Hired Units

Aderkas, 1709 Hercules, 1709 Ruhmor (hired from 1704 to 1712)

Mecklenburg-Schwerin Hired Units

Prinz von Mecklenburg Schwerin (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Waldau, 1704 Uffelen, 1708 Krassau (hired from 1701 to 1712)

Münster Hired Units

Nagel (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Schwartz (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Elvervelt (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Landsbergen (hired from 1701 to 1712)
Carnarens (hired from 1701 to 1712)

Oettingen Hired Units

Baron von Leutrum (hired from 1711 to 1712)

Oost-Friesland Hired Units

Erbprinz von Oost-Friesland (hired from 1703 to 1712)

Osnabruck Hired Units

Baron von Spiegel (hired from 1703 to 1712)

Sachsen-Gotha Hired Units

Prinz von Sachsen-Gotha (hired from 1703 to 1712)

Marines

Swansbel, 1704 Palm, 1707 Baron van Leefdael
Sparre, 1710 Mauregnault

Heavy Cavalry

Organisation
Generalities about uniforms and weapons
Generalities about standards

Karabinier aka Albermarle

Rhoo, 1704 Drymborn
De Bay, 1701 Chanclos
Graaf van Nysle, 1707 La Tour d'Auvergne, 1710 Georgin
Boncourt, 1701 Cralingen
Graaf van Rochford, 1708 Pritzelwitz
Tengnagel, 1701 Gravensmoer
Graaf van Nassau-La Leck Heer van Beverweerd
Schack, disbanded in 1702
Graaf van Erbach
Obdam
Dompré, 1710 Erbprinz van Hessen-Cassel
Prins van Nassau-Saarbrucken, 1702 Johan Karel van Eck
Reede Baron Aughrim, 1703 Reede Graaf van Athlone
Graaf van Tilly

Prinz Heinrich Friedrich von Wurttemberg, disbanded in 1713

Lubbert van Eck, 1706 Oyen
Nassau-Friesland, 1702 Oranje-Friesland
Ginkel Graaf van Athlone, 1703 Cannenburg, 1703 Driesbergen, 1709 Ginkel en Lievendaal
Maduran, disbanded in 1702
Hertog van Sachsen-Heilburg
Oost-Friesland, 1710 Rechteren
Vittinghof
Hoornbergh, disbanded in 1705
Prins van Hessen-Homburg
Rammingen, 1708 Rechteren van Noorddeuringen
Graaf van Nassau-Ouwerkerk, 1708 Nassau-La Leck
Eminga, 1706 Glinstra
Baldwin, 1710 Voorst
Grovestine

Dragoons

Organisation
Generalities about uniforms

Dopf
Mattha, 1711 Wassenaer
Schlippenbach, 1712 der Duyn

Anspach-Bayreuth Hired Units

Schmettau Dragoons (hired from 1701 to 1712)

Sachsen-Gotha Hired Units

Prinz von Saxe Gotha Dragoons, aka Hardenburg (hired from 1703 to 1712)
Stubenvelt Dragoons (hired from 1703 to 1712)

Holstein-Gottorp Hired Units

Bauditz Dragoons (hired from 1704 to 1712)

Württemberg Hired Units

Weggelaar Dragoons, aka Kochler (hired from 1704 to 1712)

Artillery

Equipment

Dutch Artillery

Free Companies

Organisation

Blanche Company Gardes Stad en Lande

References

Folkers Maarten: The Composition of the Dutch Infantry on 1 January 1702, The Spanish Succession

Lamberty, Guillaume de: Memoires Pour Servir A L'Histoire Du XVIII Siecle, pp. 678-679

Sapherson, C. A.: The Dutch Army of William III, Raider Books, 1990

Sapherson, C. A.: Malburian Armies 1701-1721, Raider Books, 1991

Vault, François Eugène de: Mémoires militaires relatifs à la Succession d'Espagne sous Louis XIV, Vol. 2 pp. 642-652

Vial, Jean-Louis: Liste des troupes des États Généraux des Provinces Unies en 1701, Nec Pluribus Impar

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments