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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> States >> France

Map of Europe in 1700 showing the kingdom of France published in Wikimedia Commons by user Rebel Redcoat under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license
Capital Paris
Language(s) French, Occitan, Breton, Basque, German, Dutch
Religion Catholic
Population about 21,000,000 inhabitants
Annual Revenues about £7,000,000 (normalized in British pounds to allow comparison)
Government Kingdom
Dependencies At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, France had several colonies:
  • Antilles Françaises (French Antilles)
    • Grenade
    • Guadeloupe
    • Martinique
    • Saint-Domingue
    • St. Christopher's (present-day Saint Kitts) disputed with Great Britain
  • Indian Counters
    • Chandernagore
    • Pondichéry
  • Mascareignes
    • Isle Bourbon (present-day Réunion)
  • Nouvelle France (New France) counting 20,000 inhabitants and consisting of
    • Acadie
    • Saint-Jean Island (now known as Prince Edward Island)
    • Royale Island (now known as Cape Breton)
    • Canada, along the Saint-Laurent River up to the Great Lakes
    • Louisiane (a recent settlement on the Mississipi River at Fort Maurepas in 1699)
  • Gorée Island
Rulers 1643-1715 King Louis XIV
Army see the article French Army
Navy see the article French Navy
To do
Trade Like most colonial power, France had imposed a monopoly of trade to its colonies. Thus:
  • all exportations of sugar from Saint-Domingue and Martinique could be done exclusively to France;
  • all importations in the colonies had to come from France and local manufacturing severely limited.

To do: more detail on French trade


Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 1, Vienna 1876, pp. 98-100

McEvedy, Colin: The Penguin Atlas of Modern History (to 1815), Harmondsorth: Penguin Books, 1972, pp. 54-61

Scherer, Herman: Histoire du commerce de toutes les nations depuis les temps ancies jusqu'à nos jours, Vol. 2 – Temps Modernes; Paris: Capelle, 1857, pp. 72-73

Wikipedia – Demographics of France]