Lochmann Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Lochmann Infantry

Origin and History

This regiment was raised on 1 December 1693 in the Canton of Zurich by Heinrich Lochmann.

Upon joining the Dutch service, the regiment consisted of 2 battalions, each of 4 companies of 200 men for a total of 1,600 men. It initially assumed garrison duty in Nijmegen, 's-Hertogenbosch, Maastricht, Breda and Hellevoetsluis.

In 1695, one battalion of the regiment took part in the siege of Namur.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 1 December 1693: Heinrich Lochmann (killed at The Hague on 1702)
  • from 23 February 1702: Johan Caspar Hirtzel de Keficon (mortally wounded on 28 Octover 1708, during the siege of Lille)
  • from 2 November 1708: Major-General Johann Friedrich Count zu Dohna de Ferrassières (killed in action on 24 July 1712 at the Battle of Denain)
  • from 9 September 1712 to 23 April 1714: Abraham Tscharner

The regiment was disbanded on 23 April 1714 and its companies were distributed among the other Swiss regiments in Dutch service.

Service during the War

From April to June 1702, one battalion of the regiment took part in the siege and capture of Kaiserswerth. By 7 July, one battalion of the regiment was encamped at Nijmegen as part of Marlborough’s Army, forming part of Agrim's Brigade. By 21 December, one battalion was quartered in Flanders and the other in Aachen.

In April and May 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bonn. By 1 December, the regiment was posted in Flanders under the command of General Coehoorn.

To do: campaigns from 1704 to 1713

Uniform

Privates

Uniform from 1694 to 1702 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details from 1694 to 1702 as per Pochon
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne without lace
Grenadier no information available
Neck stock white
Coat red with pale yellow lining and with tin buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs pale yellow, each with 4 tin buttons
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat pale yellow
Breeches pale yellow
Stockings red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch no information available
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes fastened with a strap and buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.

NCOs

no information available

Officers

Officers wore a uniform similar to the one of the rank and file but of a better quality. Pochon depicts a senior officer whose red coat has a white lining, golden braids along the pockets and front; golden piping around the buttonholes; red slit cuffs edged with a golden braid, each with 4 silver buttons; a red waistcoat edged gold; and black cavalry boots. His tricorne is laced gold with a black plumetis.

Musicians

no information available

Colours

no information available

References

Pochon: Les Suisses au Service de Hollande

Wikipedia German Edition - Schweizer Truppen in niederländischen Diensten

Acknowledgement

Jean-Louis Vial for the initial version of this article