Regimiento de Alava

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Regimiento de Alava

Origin and History

The regiment was created in the Province of Alava according to a decree dated 9 July 1709 to replace French troops retiring from Spain.

N.B.: not to be confused with the Tercio de Alava, created in 1703 who had been renamed Regimiento de Vitoria in 1707.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from 1709: no information found yet

On 29 June 1715, the regiment was disbanded and its troops incorporated in the “Regimiento de Cantabria”.

Service during the War

From 1709 to 1715, the regiment served exclusively in the Basque country, garrisoning places and forts when the old tercios were away.

Uniform

no information found yet

Privates

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 59-60